Southampton – the 7th burh to be cited in the Burghal Hidage
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Roman activity at Clausentum was succeeded by the Middle Saxon Emporium of Hamwic see here… This open riverine site on the Itchen was vulnerable to Viking attack, so the Late Saxon burh was relocated to a more protected site on the River Test.
The location of the burh became the site of the medieval town of Southampton which extended northwards.
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